Spinal cord injuries can be called complete or incomplete. Complete spinal cord injuries refer to the total loss of sensory and motor function, while incomplete spinal cord injuries refer to the partial loss only and some sensation and movement is still possible, no matter how faint.
Incomplete spinal cord injuries happen when the damage sustained in the spinal cord is not enough to greatly affect its functions. But identifying that the spinal cord injury is incomplete is not the end of the diagnosis. The severity of the injury can still be further determined by identifying the type of incomplete spinal cord injury that has been sustained.
Anterior Cord Syndrome
This kind of spinal cord injury happens when the front part of the spinal cord has been damaged, limiting sensations such as pain, temperature, and touch below the level of the injury. Those who suffer from this spinal cord injury has a chance to recover some movement.
Central Cord Syndrome
This injury occurs when the central part of the spinal cord has been damaged. Most of the time, central cord injury victims lose arm functions, but leg functions are possibly okay. They typically recover through the legs first, going upwards.
Posterior Cord Syndrome
This refers to the injury in the back part of the spinal cord. Typically, survivors of this kind of spinal cord injury maintain good muscle power, sensation, and posture, but they struggle in coordinating their limbs.
Cauda Equina Lesion
This spinal cord injury occurs when the nerves between the first and second Lumbar regions of the spine have been damaged, resulting into partial or total loss of sensation. If the damage is not too great, the nerves can regenerate and improve their functions.
This happens when one side of the spinal cord has been injured. This results into a loss of movement on the corresponding side of the body, but sensation functions may be preserved. The opposite side may be able to move, but sensation functions may be limited or lost.
The spinal cord is one of the most vital parts of the body, and damage to it can have significant effects, as shown above. According to the Toronto spinal cord injury lawyers of Mazin & Associates, PC, lawsuits and insurance claims are possible for spinal cord injury incidents, especially if another party is at fault. The fact that the law is at your side when it comes to this kind of injury is enough proof of the gravity of its dangers.